Mrs. Roosevelt’s Clove Cake for the Culinary Historians’ Yosemite Gathering

Mrs Teddy Roosevelt's Clove Cake with candied ginger bake this cake

We’re resurrecting dessert history (and repairing it a bit along the way) with Mrs. Teddy Roosevelt’s charming turn-of-the-Century Clove Cake. It’s a way-old-fashioned historic cake crafted with a dark molasses batter then locked and loaded with seedless raisins. Sprinkle it up with homemade caramelized ginger, although you could drizzle it with lemon hard sauce instead (and soak the raisins in brandy or vanilla) for a one-two flavor punch!

Edith Roosevelt's Yosemite Clove Cake side view bakethiscake

If you caught our post about how to make your own homemade candied ginger, you’ll recall that this spicy-sweet ginger treat was DIY created to sprinkle atop an historic cake. So THIS is the cake story that goes with the ginger and THIS is the event that brought it back to life…

Homemade Carmelized Ginger Treats bake this cake

History Meet-up!: Food historians gathered together from far and wide in the Casita Del Arroyo Clubhouse in Pasadena for the “Yosemite Dinner”. The time period under culinary review: May of 1903. That’s when the 26th President of the United States, Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., traveled by stage-coach with naturalist and Sierra Club founder, John Muir, into the California Sierra mountains for an amazing adventure that rippled through time to impact us even to this day!

Teddy Roosevelt and John Muir Yosemite Dinner Culinary Historians collage by Bake This Cake

Three Vacation Days That Changed the World: These powerful environmental activists separated themselves from the group of dignitaries to ride by horseback into the wilderness to hike and camp together in Yosemite for 3 days (well, also with a skilled cook and a mule packed with good food and provisions). On the second day of their adventure, they braved a sudden snow storm and the third day, they were bonded as friends by a love for nature.

Snowy Meadow in Yosemite Christmas Bake This Cake

Meeting of the Minds: The meeting of these great men in this paradise setting changed the face of environmental conservation and public access to wild lands forever by leading directly to the formation of the national parks system in America. Here’s an amazing photograph from the Library of Congress of that dynamic duo surveying the amazing vista afforded by Glacier Point with Upper and Lower Yosemite Falls in the background.

Teddy Roosevelt and John Muir on Glacier Point in Yosemite.

President Theodore Roosevelt, L, with John Muir, on Glacier Point in Yosemite. In the background: Upper and lower Yosemite Falls.

Yosemite Dinner: The Culinary Historians of Southern California (CHSC) and Old Town Cooking School in Pasadena sponsored this food event and charity fundraiser. They host a similar event each year with a different theme in addition to their scholarly lectures each month in Los Angeles, an annual vintage cook book sale and their various restaurant-location events throughout the year. The menu for the Yosemite Dinner was carefully crafted as an historic culinary re-creation of a meal that President Roosevelt might have enjoyed with John Muir. The recipes selected by the review committee were distributed and then carefully prepared by the members. Imagine a potluck dinner created by 80 or so culinary historians!

Yosemite Dinner in Pasadena Potluck Collage Bake This Cake

Retired Los Angeles Times food writer, Charles Perry, founding member and President of CHSC, spoke to us about the significance of the Yosemite “Teddy Talks” of President Roosevelt and John Muir and how the joining of these men for nature activism on such a powerful level changed the world. Mr. Perry is actually a descendant of President Roosevelt so, of course, he has the perfect Rough Rider outfit: hat, spectacles, moustache, shirt and vintage tie.

Charles Perry as Teddy Roosevelt by LifeForcePhotosdotcom for BakeThisCakeHistoric Food Arts: Members brought and sampled over 30 different historic dishes, including roast venison, oysters, chicken, candied yams, wild rice, an array of chutneys, salads, veggies and casseroles.

Culinary Historians of SoCal Yosemite Dinner Potluck Sampling Bake This Cake

Century-old Recipe Glitch: As a proud member of CHSC, I received marching orders for a Yosemite dessert. My recipe was for Edith Roosevelt’s Clove Cake and, of course, as a vintage cake enthusiast, I was delighted! But, as I began preparing the cake (oh about midnight), I realized something was off. No worries, I scampered for research books to find the original printed source of the recipe as “The First Ladies Cook Book”, Parents’ Magazine Press, 1965 (although there are earlier variations and later editions). However, the recipe for the cake in the printed book was exactly as stated. So I looked further back in time to discover that for decades this recipe has been delivered out with a glaring typo or two. Check it out. You’ll see the first clue — a double reference to milk. Recipe Error Discovered in Mrs Roosevelt's Clove Cake Recipe Bake This CakeBecause I wanted to be historically accurate with the cake for the culinary historians, I actually tried twice using the original recipe. But there was NO WAY that this thing was going to work because creaming milk with butter just makes a curdled mess and the baked cake was crumbly and bitter.

So I decided to research Mrs. Roosevelt further and find out more about hundred-year-old Clove Cake recipes and about Mrs. Roosevelt’s particular baking habits. I was concerned that sugar might not have been desired by Mrs. Roosevelt. Some historians think it was common to bake desserts with molasses and omit sugar (even though molasses has a naturally bitter flavor). But when I researched other cake recipes of hers (like the wonderful Spice Cake, coming soon to the blog), I could see that she did indeed use sugar in her cake recipes. I also checked out various Clove Cake recipes from the late 1890’s — and sugar (white or brown) was a consistent ingredient.

Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt:  Edith grew up near Teddy Junior in New York. She and Teddy were smitten through their teen years until a falling out just prior to his leaving for Harvard. But then, drum roll, he fell madly in love at first sight with another woman.  Aww! And so, at the age of 22 (and she 19), Teddy married Alice Hathaway Lee in 1880. Tragically, Teddy’s beautiful bride passed away only 4 years later in 1884 from child-birth complications after giving birth to a healthy baby girl (and on the anniversary of his mother’s passing). Teddy’s broken heart took time to heal and he took this time at his North Dakota Badlands Elkhorn Ranch (now the Theodore Roosevelt National Park) while his sister cared for the baby.

President Theodore Roosevelt's first wife, Alice Hathaway Roosevelt, Library of Congress

Alice Hathaway Roosevelt, Teddy Roosevelt’s first wife. US Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Library of Congress

When he recovered from his heartbreak, he found his way back to the arms of his childhood sweetheart. Edith was described by Teddy as the most well-read woman he had ever known. Quiet, intelligent, gracious, friendly and beautiful. I think she looks just like that description in this photograph…

Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt, second wife of Theodore Roosevelt

Edith Kermit Carow Roosevelt, second wife of Theodore Roosevelt

Edith and Teddy married 2 years after Alice passed in 1886 and they began raising Teddy’s daughter the next year, in addition to welcoming the first of their 5 children (born between 1887 and 1897). Her husband took over the Presidency after President McKinley was assassinated in the Temple of Music at the Pan-American Exposition in Buffalo in 1901 (while shaking hands with his anarchist assassin).

So this publicity-shy woman packed up the 6 children and moved into the White House with her husband, The President.

Teddy and Edith Roosevelt and family 1903

Pres. and Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt seated on lawn, surrounded by their family; 1903. From left to right: Quentin, Theodore Sr., Theodore Jr., Archie, Alice, Kermit, Edith, and Ethel.

Sorry. Back to the recipe reconstruction: You can see from the old recipe that there is a reference to milk twice — and that doesn’t make sense. UNLESS, you put the historical context together, with Mrs. Roosevelt’s baking practices and the common addition of a sweet ingredient to this type of cake. SUGAR must have been omitted from the list of ingredients and also “sugar” was meant to replace the first reference to milk. I guess this recipe was just duplicated over the last, oh, one hundred years without correction. I tried not to change the recipe in any material way – just adding back a logical amount of white sugar for this cake style and era. I rearranged the order of ingredients to match the order in which they are used and gave some added instructions detail (e.g. unsweetened molasses). I suggested the seedless raisins be pre-soaked in either hot water or brandy (you can also add some vanilla extract to the soak) to plump them properly thinking they might have used fresh raisins back in the day that weren’t all shriveled to start with. I actually think the recipe could do with a little more milk to improve the viscosity and height of the cake but I left the quantities in tact. Here’s the “corrected” and revised recipe:

Edith Roosevelt's Clove Cake recipe  revised by Bake This Cake

The initial stages for soaking the seedless raisins, bringing the eggs to room temperature in a quick warm water bath, beating the room temperature butter and sugar with fork-stirred eggs, etc.

Raisins eggs butter collage for Clove Cake recipe Bake This Cake

Stirring Things Up: Whisk the flour with the spices and add the milk in portions with the flour mixture to the egg batter then adding of baking soda to the molasses (though I actually don’t see an advantage to this baking soda method), and, lastly, the folding in of the those plump seedless raisins.

Tip: If you sprinkle the dry-patted raisins with a touch of flour before mixing them into the batter, they will stay more evenly distributed throughout the cake instead of sinking to the bottom.

spice blend, molasses and raisins for clove cake recipe bake this cake

Bake and decorate! The batter is leveled out in a prepared tube pan or angel food pan, baked and topped with our very own homemade candied ginger.

vintage clove cake recipe collage bake this cake

My favorite serving suggestion is to serve the cake lightly warm (fresh from the oven would be ideal) and to drop a little Lemon Hard Sauce on each warm slice (and maybe even a dollop of sweet cream for extra oomph), although my mom’s taste testing review was: “Perfect without any frills!” Also, a little piece of the caramelized ginger looks cute on each dessert plate.

1910 Hard Sauce recipe for clove cake  bake this cake

All of this just makes for a fun first-hand visit of sorts down history lane. They say this was Teddy’s favorite Clove Cake but I can’t be sure. I just know it’s fun to bake and now it’s sweet and moist. It might also lead you down the conversation paths of history as you serve it up to friends and family.

Edith Roosevelt's historic Clove Cake bake this cake

Thank you for joining me for this vintage cake baking adventure. I hope you’re with us on Facebook and Pinterest, and now we’re also hanging out in the Instagram world (so fun to see everyone’s photos).

Happy vintage cake baking!


Leslie Odell Macchiarella

Culinary Historians of SoCal Yosemite banquet collage LifeForcePhotos

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6 thoughts on “Mrs. Roosevelt’s Clove Cake for the Culinary Historians’ Yosemite Gathering

  1. I do declare!….the very best cake I ever did make…! thank you so much…I adore the flavour and taste of cloves when used sensibly. Heavenly and totally delectable.

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